2019 Indian General Elections Updates

Know the history of elections in India?

Parliament is the supreme legislative body of India. The Indian parliament consists of the president and the two Houses-Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha. The Constitution of India came into power on January 26, 1950.

The first general elections were held during the year 1951-1952 and the first elected Parliament came into being in April, 1952. The second general elections were won by Indian National Congress by 371 votes out of 494 seats. The Congress polled closed to 48% of the total vote. Jawaharlal Nehru was again elected the Prime Minister. The Third Lok Sabha elections held in April, 1962, the Fourth Lok Sabha polls were held in March, 1967, the Fifth Lok Sabha held in March, 1971, the Sixth Lok Sabha held in March, 1977, the Seventh Lok Sabha held in January, 1980, the Eighth Lok Sabha held in December, 1984, the Ninth Lok Sabha in December, 1989, the Tenth Lok Sabha in June, 1991, the Eleventh Lok Sabha held in May, 1996, the Twelfth Lok Sabha in March, 1998, Thirteenth Lok Sabha in October, 1999, Fourteenth Lok Sabha held in May, 2004 and Fifteenth Lok Sabha held in April, 2009.

2014-19 election polls 

The sixteenth loksabha elections held in 2014-19. The BJP was successfully able to project Narendra Modi as the man of the hour and also as its prime ministerial candidate. The BJP won majority of votes on its own with 282 seats. This was the first time since 1984 that a party won a majority on its own.

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Election in India: Rajya Sabha

The Rajya Sabha consists of not more than 250 members and 238 members representing the states and Union Territories, and 12 members nominated by the President. Each member is elected for a term of six years.

The Vice President of India is the ex-officio chairman of upper house. The senior most ministers, who is a member of upper house is appointed by the PM as leader of the house.

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Lower House during election polls

The Lok Sabha is composed of representatives of people chosen by direct election on the basis of Universal Adult Suffrage. The maximum strength of the house is to be 552 members and 530 members to represent the states, 20 members to represent the union territories, and 2 members nominated by the president. At present, the strength of the House is 545 members.

Members of lower house are directly elected by qualified voters. In other hand upper house are elected by the elected members of state legislative assemblies.

All legislation should be approved by both houses of parliament. In case of money bills and the will of the Lok Sabha reigns. Parliament is also vested with the power to initiate amendments in the constitution.